NEW IN GARDEN CITY: OPEN-CLOSED URBAN BLOCK, AMSTERDAM
FARO designed and realized 134 different types of dwellings in Geuzenveld, Amsterdam. The main aim of this project was to create a contemporary garden city. The ‘light, air and space’ principles from the 1950s are translated to ‘light, air, green space and freedom of choice’.
The fundamental thoughts underlying this project are: build fourth on the ideas of a garden city, the use of communal gardens, a structural parking solution, attention for architectural and spatial expression, high density and mixed use for homeowners and social rental housing.
The site is divided into three parts following the surrounding street pattern, the parts are separated by footpaths. Each part is situated around a communal garden and contains a mix of apartments and townhouses, both rental and owner-occupied. They are designed in a combination of tall and less tall volumes. The tall volumes are positioned on site in such a way that they are least disruptive for optimum sun lighting.
Below each of the three inner courtyards with their (partly) communal garden is a half-sunken parking facility. A wall around the garden strictly separates the shared internal area from the outside world. All facades are of aluminium and brick, with aluminium most prominent on the inner facade and brick on the outer. Occasionally the two materials spill over into one another.
The floor plans are flexible and have a street entrance where possible. Most of the houses have an entrance without a hall so that residents and visitors enter in the heart of the house and therefore have better and more contact with the street. The houses have high floors, those with their own parking space have a split-level and even a ceiling height of more than four meters on the street side. All these qualities together aim at a durable way of living in a ‘garden suburb new-style’.